Equal Remuneration Act
Section 12: Cognizance and trial of offences
(1) No court inferior to that of a Metropolitan Magistrate or a Judicial Magistrate of the first class shall try any offence punishable under this Act.
(2) No court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under this Act except upon -
(a) its own knowledge or upon a complaint made by the appropriate Government or an officer authorised by it in this behalf, or
(b) a complaint made by the person aggrieved by the offence or by any recognised welfare institution or organisation.
Explanation.-: For the purposes of this sub-section "recognised welfare institution or organisation" means a social welfare organisation or institution recognised in this behalf by the Central or State Government.