CONDITIONS OF SERVICE
- Minimum wage requirements exist as advised by the State Governments on an ongoing basis for most categories of employment
- Discrimination is prohibited in terms of equal pay for equal work for men and women as well as within categories of workmen
- Wages are governed by negotiations between the employer and a) individual employees b) employee’s representatives on behalf of employees collectively
- Salaries can be raised based solely on performance for managers.
- This is theoretically possible for workmen as well but if a large component of a workman’s pay increase is performance based, infringement of ‘Equal Pay for Equal Work’ statutes might occur
- Non-statutory bonuses or special payments can be made without affecting future salary increases
- Geographical transfer of employees are determined by the contract of employment but are difficult to implement at worker level
- Employee working hours and rest intervals cannot exceed maximum caps but are subject to employer’s prerogative in terms of organisation in shifts or working patterns
- Leave provisions are set by the state and provide for earned leave, sick leave and casual leave entitlements, as well as rules regarding accumulation and encashment of leave
- An employee can be required to work overtime
- Overtime hours have maximum caps and the premium rate for overtime is normally twice the normal wage
- State laws also provides for weekly holidays as well as a fixed number of national and festival holidays.