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Factories Act, 1948

ABOUT THE ACT

Objectives:

The Factories Act provides for the health, safety, welfare, service conditions and other aspects of workers in factories. The Act is enforced by the State Government who frame rules that ensure that local conditions are reflected in enforcement. The Act as amended in 1987 also regulates the safeguards to be adopted for the use and handling of hazardous substances.


Applicability

The Factories Act extends to whole of India and is applicable to all factories including government factories. It applies to all factories employing more than 10 people and working with the aid of power or employing 20 people and working without the aid of power. Factory however does not include a mine covered under the mines Act, 1952, a mobile unit of the armed forces, a railway shed or a hotel, restaurant or eating place. The act covers all workers employed in the factory premises or precincts directly or through an agency including a contractor, involved in any manufacture.


Related Sections Of The Act

Section 1:  Short title, extent and commencement
Section 1:  Short title, extent and commencement
Section 77:  Certain other provisions of law not barred
Section 77:  Certain other provisions of law not barred
Section 116:  Application of Act to Government factories
Section 116:  Application of Act to Government factories

Important Definitions

Section 2K:  Manufacturing process
Section 2K:  Manufacturing process
Section 2L:  Worker
Section 2L:  Worker
Section 2M:  Factory
Section 2M:  Factory
Section 2N:  Occupier
Section 2N:  Occupier