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Factories Act, 1948

AUTHORITIES

Authority Duties Powers
Central Government To determine the extent of the act and to make rules to give effect to the Act To give directions to the state regarding execution of the act, and in the event of the occurrence of an extraordinary situation in a factory engaged in a hazardous process, appoint an Inquiry Committee to inquire into the health and safety standards
State Government To make rules for the State and to implement and enforce the act in the state To exempt during public emergency, to apply the act to certain establishments, to appoint inspectors and certifying surgeons, to make exempting rules and orders, and to make rules providing for any other matter under the act
Inspector To implement and enforce the Act Enter any factory with assistants, make examination of premises, machinery or materials, inquire into any accident or dangerous occurrence, require the production of and take copies of any register or document, take measurements, recordings and photograph
Chief Inspector To implement the act with the assistance of Additional Chief Inspectors, Joint Chief Inspectors and Deputy Chief Inspectors and other officers appointed by the State Government Enter any factory with assistants, make examination of premises, machinery or materials, inquire into any accident or dangerous occurrence, require the production of and take copies of any register or document, take measurements, recordings and photograph
Certifying Surgeons Appointed by the State Government to carry out the examination of young persons, persons engaged in dangerous occupations and processes and the medical supervision of factories where cases of illness have been observed or where dangerous processes are car To appoint qualified medical practitioners to exercise his powers, to carry out examinations of employees or factories on an order from the inspector
Site Appraisal Committee To advice State Govt. on applications for grant of permission for initial location of factories involving hazardous processes To examine an application for the establishment of a factory involving hazardous processes and make its recommendation to the State government, to call for information from any person for this purpose